All your questions about online marriage

Getting the marriage license

The Utah County Clerk’s website has extensive information and FAQ sections which are all about how to do online ceremonies. You may wish to visit these pages before beginning your journey here. I have tried to simplify some of the info and provide answers to questions that they do not cover.

  • You will fill in the license sequentially – with one person initiating the process and then entering their fiancé’s email. Utah County will then send an email to the second person for their identification and information.
  • Each person must provide a photo of an official identification document such as a passport or drivers license (see this list of accepted documents) as well as a current selfie which is used to match you to the identification – see this video for selfie tips
  • You must pay for the completed license. The Utah County list of fees is very confusing, but for most people paying from the USA, you will choose the option “Base license fee without discount” for $70. For international couples it is “Base License fee without discount – $145”. Both the discount for attending marriage counseling and the donation for victims of domestic violence are optional but you may choose them if you wish. Choosing to attend the marital counseling sessions will slow down getting your license since you need to completion certificate to obtain the $20 discount.
  • You will get an email with your license from Utah County (be sure to check spam folders or junk mail if you don’t see it very shortly.
  • If you have any problems at all with this process, please contact Utah County for help – they are great and very responsive.
    • Utah County Clerk / Auditor – Marriage License Office
      Marriage Clerks: 801.851.8108
      Marriage Supervisor: 801.851.8226
      Email: marriage@utahcounty.gov
      Hours of Operation:  Mon-Fri: 8:00 am to 7:30 pm, Sat: 9:00 am to 2:00 pm (Mountain Time)

Cost – $70 to $145 for a Utah County marriage license

“Utah is a Destination Wedding Hot Spot, No Travel Required”

– New York Times, Sept. 17, 2021

From the website of the Utah County Clerk –

“All certificates of completed marriages issued and certified by Utah county have gone through all three of these steps. The couple has legally applied for and been issued a marriage license, a valid wedding ceremony within the state has taken place, and the marriage has been registered with the county. Any couple with certified copy of their marriage certificate has been legally married according to Utah law and the laws of the United States.”

In essence, this means that the marriage is valid according to both state and federal laws in the United States, and may be recognized by most countries. Thus, I can perform an online ceremony for any couple, but legality outside the US may or may not be accepted. Please contact an immigration specialist or attorney if you are concerned about legality in your country.

What about international couples?

I will preface all of this by saying I am not an immigration attorney and any questions about the legality in your specific country should be answered by someone specializing in that area.

However, in general this new way of getting married online is being treated just as if the couple had traveled to another country, in this case the United States, gotten married there, and then traveled to one or the other’s country afterward. Because it is such a new way of getting married, and since much the globe is still living under a worldwide pandemic, there may be exceptions being made that have not been in the past, or legal questions that are still under review in some areas.

Do I need an Apostille?

If you are using your wedding certificate outside the US, you almost certainly will need one. However, not all countries accept apostilled documents. You may wish to check with officials in your area.

Again quoting from the Utah County Clerk’s website –

Most countries recognize marriages solemnized in other countries, but that is a question for the individual country. However, when recognizing a certified legal document from another country additional authentication may be required. One form of additional certification is called an apostille. The government agency that provides apostilles for Utah marriage licenses is the Utah Lt. Governor’s office. Additional information at: Authentications.Utah.gov.”

The process to request an Apostille is not digital at this time. I have tried to take this information and distill it into concrete steps to follow. Please see my page “How to Apostille your Utah Wedding Certificate”.

Here is a list of countries that accept apostille for wedding licenses as per the the Hague Convention of 1961

Here are a few articles I have found about couples using Utah Online Weddings to get married:

Couple become the first in the world to get legally married over Zoom while in different countries

Utah Online Weddings – Australian Government Feedback

Online Weddings – Australian and Philippines Weddings

Wedding Information for Filipino Citizens – CFO

Do we have to be together, or in the US?

No, you can be located anywhere. Both members of the couple can be located in different countries. The witnesses can also attend from other locations. However, wedding party participants (the couple and the witnesses) MUST all have a stable connection to the internet and be able to join the conference from a device that supports both video and audio. Please test your equipment prior to the ceremony.

The key to the Online Weddings magic is that the officiant be physically located in the state of Utah and must be the host of the online conference.

If you are intending to marry for immigration purposes, please note that most international laws require the couple to physically consummate the marriage at some point after the ceremony. (Disclaimer: I am not an immigration lawyer, but there are a lot of smart people who are much more informed about these things. Some more articles are linked below.)

“Utah Marriage over Zoom is Valid for Immigration Purposes”

– Chodorow Immigration Law, Sept. 23, 2021

When Proxy or Skype Marriages are valid for Green Card purposes

Zoom weddings for partners living in different countries

How does it all work?


The step-bystep requirements to fulfill an online wedding are as follows:

  • One person MUST be located geographically in Utah (that’s me!)
  • The couple books an appointment for an online wedding with me.
  • My system will automatically generate a Zoom conference and that is included in your booking appointment.
  • The couple MUST obtain their license ONLY from the Utah County Clerk.
  • The couple MUST send the officiant (forward to me) via email the link to the wedding license from the Utah County Clerk. The ceremony will not begin until I have this link available.
  • The couple MUST provide two witnesses over the age of 18 and they need to be able to tell me their full legal names and show ID if requested.
  • ALL wedding party participants MUST be visible and audible throughout the conference. This refers only to the couple and their legal witnesses. The ceremony can be streamed to non-participating individuals that do not appear on-camera. You can invite as many participants as you like.
  • The persons getting married will answer in turn when I ask the question “Do you ________ come here of your own free will and accord to be joined in marriage to _____” (This is the “I Do” part) PLEASE NOTE – It is very important that when you are asked this question, that you answer in the affirmative. DO NOT JOKE AND SAY NO, NAH, or MAYBE, or even pretend to want to say no or have any doubt about it. Doing this will end the ceremony immediately. If there is any doubt that a participant is under duress to marry, then I cannot proceed. Both participants MUST say “I do”, “Yes” or some other appropriate affirmative during this part.
  • Following the ceremony, I will fill in the wedding license affirmations stating the location and witness names.
  • Once the license has been registered, a digital copy will be sent via email from the Utah County Clerk. This does not come from me, it is issued by the government of Utah County.
  • Once you have your certified wedding license via email, you can then proceed to request an apostille if necessary or begin any needed document change.

How do I get a certified copy of the license?

To be clear – the PDF that the couple will get via email and following the license being submitted to the Utah County Clerk is a fully valid and certified copy that can printed by you and can be used for various legal purposes. However, the couple can also request a certified paper copy of their license from the Utah County Clerk. This paper license has a stamp and signature on the back of the license and an embossed seal on the front, but is just as official as the certificate that you will receive via email. The officiant does not issue licenses, their role is only to verify and attest that the wedding has been performed according to Utah law.

If the couple needs additional authentication of the license (an apostille) for international law, you can read all about how to apostille your Utah Wedding Certificate.

TL;DR – what I can and can’t do for you

I can: Officiate a legal wedding as per the laws of the United States, and include anything in the wedding service that you would like to have in it, such as participation with family members or other requests. I can sign the official certificate form and verify that you and your witnesses are present in the call and over the age of 18. I can perform a destination wedding at nearly any location within the geographical boundaries of the state of Utah.

I cannot: Provide a wedding license or assist in obtaining one, furnish witnesses, provide an apostille, answer legal questions about immigration or visa processes in any country, or change anything on your wedding license before or after you apply for it.